How to Change the Future of Migration

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How to Change the Future of Migration

Africa, Asia-Pacific, Climate Change, Editors’ Choice, Environment, Featured, Food & Agriculture, Global, Headlines, Human Rights, Humanitarian Emergencies, IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse, Latin America & the Caribbean, Poverty & SDGs, Projects, Regional Categories, TerraViva United Nations ROME, Oct 14 2017 (IPS) – The world is on the move. More people have been forced to flee their homes than at any time since the Second World War due to increased conflict and political instability, hunger, poverty, and an increase in extreme weather events linked to climate change. Such a short paragraph hardly depicts the growing drama of migration, but much can be learned from World Food Day 2017, marked on 16 October, which this year proposes specific ways to address the huge challenge of massive human movement. Large movements of people today are presenting complex challenges, which call for global action, says on this the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), adding that many migrants arrive in developing countries, creating tensions where resources are already scarce, but the majority, about 763 million, move within their own countries rather than abroad.Ten facts you need to know about Hunger 1. The world produces enough food to feed everyone, yet, about 800 million people suffer from hunger. That is one in nine people. 60% of them are women. 2. About 80% of the world’s extreme poor live in rural areas. Most of them depend on agriculture. 3. Hunger kills more people every year than malaria, tuberculosis and aids combined. 4. Around 45% of infant deaths are related to malnutrition. 5. The cost of malnutrition to the global economy is the equivalent of USD 3.5 trillion a year. 6. 1.9 billion people – more than a quarter of the world’s population – are overweight. 7. One third of the food produced worldwide is lost or wasted. 8. The world will need to produce 60% more food by 2050 to feed a growing population. 9. No other sector is more sensitive to climate change than agriculture. 10. FAO works mainly in rural areas, in 130 countries, with governments, civil society, the private sector and other partners to achieve #ZeroHunger. SOURCE: FAO What to Do? One key fact to understand the current reality is that three-quarters of the extreme poor base their livelihoods on agriculture or other rural activities. Consequently, creating conditions that allow rural people, especially youth, to stay at home when they feel it is safe to do so, and to have more resilient livelihoods, is a crucial component of any plan to tackle the migration challenge, says the UN specialised body. Meantime, one key solution is to invest in food security and rural development, which can address factors that compel people to move by creating business opportunities and jobs for young people that are not only crop-based (such as small dairy or poultry production, food processing or horticulture enterprises). It can also lead to increased food security, more resilient livelihoods, better access to social protection, reduced conflict over natural resources and solutions to environmental degradation and climate change, FAO adds. “By investing in rural development, the international community can also harness migration’s potential to support development and build the resilience of displaced and host communities, thereby laying the ground for long-term recovery and inclusive and sustainable growth,” according to the WFD 2017’s theme ”Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development.” Migration is part of the process of development as economies undergo structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across countries. The challenge is to address the structural drivers of large movements of people to make migration safe, orderly and regular, FAO underlines, adding that in this way, migration can contribute to economic growth and improve food security and rural livelihoods. Pope Francis Pope Francis has joined FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, a large number of agriculture ministers, including several from the Group of Seven (G7) most industrialised countries, and the European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development to celebrate World Food Day 2017 at FAO on 16 October. In an unprecedented gesture, Pope Francis on July this year donated 25,000 euro to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s “efforts supporting people facing food insecurity and famine in East Africa.” The Pope said the funds are “a symbolic contribution to an FAO programme that provides seeds to rural families in areas affected by the combined effects of conflicts and drought.” See: Pope Francis Donates to FAO for Drought, Conflict-Stricken East Africa. Also see: East Africa’s Poor Rains: Hunger Worsened, Crops Scorched, Livestock Dead World Food Day 2017 has been marked in the context of a world where global hunger is on the rise for the first tim
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On October 15, 2017
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